10 Important Rules to Remember About How and When to Use a Fire Extinguisher
1. Most fires start small. If the fire is contained to a single object, such as a trash can, you may want to try using a fire extinguisher to put out the flames. Remember, you only have seconds – a fire burning for just l minute will have tripled its original size.
2. You should only consider using a fire extinguisher if all members of your home have been alerted to the fire and the fire department has been called. Also, make sure you are safe from smoke and that the fire is not between you and your only escape route.
3. When purchasing a fire extinguisher, look for one that is tested by an independent testing laboratory. Also, look for one labeled A-B-C as it can be used on most fires that would occur in your home. You want to be sure that the type of fire extinguisher you would be using would be effective at putting the fire out.
4. Make sure you are physically able to handle a fire extinguisher. Some models are heavy and may be hard to operate and hold at the same time.
5. Know how to operate the extinguisher quickly. You will not have time to read instructions during an emergency.
6. Keep your fire extinguisher in an easily accessible area. Make sure it is not blocked by anything that would keep you from grabbing it quickly in an emergency.
7. Remember the word P.A.S.S.
Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep
- Pull the pin. Some extinguishers require unlocking a latch, pressing a puncture lever, or other such motion.
- Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle (or its horn or hose) at the base of the fire.
- Squeeze the handle. This releases the extinguishing agent.
- Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until it appears to be out. Watch the fire area in case the fire breaks out again, and repeat use of the extinguisher if necessary.
8. If your means of escape becomes compromised at any time while using an extinguisher, get out of the house as fast as possible and wait for the fire department.
9. If you have any doubt about whether or not to fight a fire with an extinguisher, DON’T! Get out and stay out.
10. Ask your fire department about information on fire extinguisher training in your area. Many departments offer training sessions to the public.
The Types of Fire Extinguishers
|Class A extinguishers are for use on fires that contain ordinary combustibles such as paper, wood, cloth, plastics, etc.|
|Class B extinguishers are for use on fires containing flammable liquids like oil, gasoline, etc.|
|Class C extinguishers are for fire involving electrical equipment such as tools or appliances.|
|Class D extinguishers are for use on combustible metals. This type of extinguisher is generally only found in factories that work with these particular metals.|
|Class K extinguishers are for use on fires involving combustible cooking liquids such as animal oils, vegetable oils, and fats. This type of extinguisher is most likely to be found in a commercial kitchen.|
|A-B-C Fire extinguishers labeled A-B-C contain a dry chemical that can be used on many types of fires. Be sure to keep one of these multipurpose fire extinguishers readily available in your kitchen and garage.|